A Spanish expedition in 1533 discovered Bahia de La Paz - the beautiful bay on which the city of La Paz is situated. As the city occupies the southeastern corner of the bay, it is possible to view spectacular sunsets across the water from most points in the city.
Settling La Paz was not an easy accomplishment for all who tried. Hernan Cortes failed after an expedition led by one of his lieutenants was decimated by unfriendly natives. Jesuit missionaries finally settled the city some two hundred years later after the natives succumbed to the diseases brought by Spanish settlers.
The territorial capital was shifted to La Paz after a hurricane destroyed Loreto in 1829. Living up to its long historical tradition, La Paz today is the capital of the state of Baja California Sur.