As capital of the state by the same name, the city of Queretaro traces its roots to the "Camino de Plata" - the highway marked in the mid-1500's to carry the ore from the vast silver mines in Zacatecas to Mexico City. As the city grew as a trading center it also became the nucleus of an important agricultural area. Don Juan Antonio de Urrutia y Arana financed the aqueduct built in 1726 and the construction of many beautiful colonial buildings that still stand including convents and churches.
Queretaro citizens including "La Corregidora" played an important role in the Independence movement. Shortly after being deposed as emperor, the Austrian duke Maximilian was executed at the nearby "Cerro de las Campanas"
Though today's Queretaro is gaining importance as an industrial city, it still retains very much of its Colonial charm; specially in the center of the city whose streets no longer allow vehicular traffic.